TitleEffect of nectar supplementation on male and female components of pollination success in the deceptive orchid Dactylorhiza sambucina
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsJersakova, J, Johnson, SD, Kindlmann, P, Pupin, A-C
JournalActa Oecologica-international Journal of Ecology

Many orchids lack floral nectar rewards and therefore rely on deception to attract pollinators. To determine the effect that a mutation for nectar production would have on overall pollination success of the deceptive orchid Dactylorhiza sambucina, we recorded pollen deposition and removal in flowers of plants that had either been supplemented with an artificial nectar solution or left unmanipulated as controls. Nectar supplementation resulted in significant increases in the proportion of flowers pollinated, regardless of morph colour and the density of plants supplemented in the population. However, nectar supplementation had a significant positive effect on pollinaria removal only for the yellow morph in one experiment in which a low proportion of plants were supplemented. Thus a mutation for nectar production would have a positive effect on overall pollination success in D. sambucina, particularly the female component. The observed patterns are discussed in relation to other factors, such as cross-pollination and the reallocation of nectar,resources for other plant functions, which are traditionally considered to shape the rewardless strategies of orchids. (c) 2008 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.