TitleRemoval of Anionic Surfactants from Wastewater Using a Constructed Wetland
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsSima, J, Havelka, M, Holcova, V
JournalChemistry & Biodiversity
Pagination1350 - 1363

Removal of anionic surfactants from municipal wastewater using a constructed wetland with a horizontal subsurface flow was studied in 2007 and 2008. Extraction spectrophotometry with methylene blue served to determine the analyte concentrations in individual samples. The anionic surfactant-removal efficiency depended on actual conditions, mostly the treated water flow intensity, its temperature, and a redox-potential gradient in the longitudinal profile of the wetland bed. It increased with decreasing inflow and increasing temperature. The average efficiency was 83.7% in 2007 and 81.7% in 2008; however, values higher than 85% were often determined during the summer period. On the other hand, the efficiencies were usually lower than 80% in winter, especially in periods with intensive precipitation and inflows. The average concentration of anionic surfactants in water taken at the outflow was lower than 0.65 mg/l (expressed as sodium dodecyl sulfate). The most significant fraction of anionic surfactants (almost 50%) was degraded at the beginning (1 m from the inflow zone) of the wetland bed. The rhizosphere aeration via the vegetation roots strongly supported the anionic-surfactant removal.