TitleRecovery of brown trout populations in streams exposed to atmospheric acidification in the Bohemian Forest
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsMatena, J, Matěnová, V, Blabolil, P, Kopacek, J, Peltanova, J, Sorf, M, Žaloudík, J, Vrba, J
JournalFolia Zoologica
Volume66
Issue1
Pagination1-10
Abstract

Water chemistry and fish occurrence in outflows from two lakes recovering from acidification were studied during 2005-2010.
The two lakes represented the regional extremes: while Lake Laka (LA) was the least acidified among the Bohemian Forest lakes, Lake
Čertovo (CT) was the most acidified. Water chemistry improved downstream in either outlet due to mixing with less acidic water from
tributaries. While pH of the LA stream was circumneutral and concentrations of ionic aluminium (Ali) were low (< 50 μg.l–1) except
for temporary acidic episodes during snowmelt, the CT stream remained permanently acidified with Ali concentrations (> 200 μg.l–1)
throughout the year and was considered as a reference site. Brown trout (Salmo trutta s.l.) survived in the LA stream already at 0.7 km
from the lake. A stable trout population, including young-of-the-year fish increasing in numbers, was found in the LA stream between
2005 and 2010 despite the spring short-term acid episodes. Any recovery of the CT stream is unlikely as the outflow continued to be
acidic at 1.5 km from the lake and Ali concentrations were still by one order of magnitude higher than the limit acceptable by trout.