TitleLongitudinal and vertical spatial gradients in the distribution of fish within a canyon-shaped reservoir
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsVasek, M, Kubecka, J, Peterka, J, Cech, M, Drastik, V, Hladik, M, Prchalova, M, Frouzová, J
JournalInternational Review of Hydrobiology
Volume89
Pagination352–362
Abstract

The large-scale spatial distribution of fish was investigated within a morphometrically simple canyon-shaped reservoir with a single major tributary and a longitudinal trophic gradient (Rimov Reservoir, Czech Republic). Samples of fish were taken by Nordic survey gill nets (several mesh sizes from 8 to 70 nun knot to knot) installed as surface nets at several offshore areas located along the longitudinal axis of the reservoir. Surveys were carried out in late summer during 1999-2003. An obvious distribution gradient of fish was revealed along the longitudinal axis of the Rimov Reservoir. The total relative fish abundance and biomass (catch per unit effort) decreased considerably from the upstream end of the reservoir toward the dam. Roach (Rutilus rutilus), bleak (Alburnus alburnus) and bream (Abramis brama) comprised the bulk of catches at all areas. Enhanced dominance of bream was observed in the fish assemblage at the uppermost, more eutrophic area of the reservoir. The highest number of fish species and the highest abundance of young-of-the-year fish were also observed in the tributary area. In the downstream part of the reservoir, gill net surveys along the vertical depth profiles indicated that offshore fish occupied mostly the epilimnion. Extreme flood events affected the Rimov Reservoir, however, it seemed they had no significant impact on the gradients described.