TitleEffect of peat re-wetting on carbon and nutrient fluxes, greenhouse gas production and diversity of methanogenic archaeal community
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsUrbanova, Z, Picek, T, Bárta, J
KeywordsCarbon dioxide, methane, Methanogenic archaeal community, Nutrient mobilization, peatland, Re-wetting

Many peatlands were affected by drainage in the past, and restoration of their water regime aims to bring back their original functions. The purpose of our study was to simulate re-wetting of soils of different types of drained peatlands (bogs and minerotrophic mires, located in the Sumava Mountains, Czech Republic) under laboratory conditions (incubation for 15 weeks) and to assess possible risks of peatland water regime restoration - especially nutrient leaching and the potentials for CO(2) and CH(4) production. After re-wetting of soils sampled from drained peatlands (simulated by anaerobic incubation) (i) phosphorus concentration (SRP) did not change in any soil, (ii) concentration of ammonium and dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) increased, but only in a drained fen, (iii) DOC increased significantly in the drained fen and degraded drained bog, (iv) CO(2) production decreased, (v) CH(4) production and the number of methanogens increased in all soils, and (vi) archaeal methanogenic community composition was also affected by re-wetting: it differed significantly between drained and pristine fens, whereas it was more similar between drained and pristine bogs. Overall, the soils from fens reacted more dynamically to re-wetting than the bogs, and therefore, some nutrients (especially nitrogen) and DOC leaching may be expected from drained fens after their water regime restoration. However, if compared to their state before restoration, ammonium and phosphorus leaching should not increase and leaching of nitrates and DON should even decrease after restoration, especially during the vegetation season. Further, CO(2) production in soils of fens and bogs should decrease after their water regime restoration, whereas CH(4) production in soils should increase. However, we cannot derive any clear conclusions about CH(4) emissions from the ecosystems based on this study, as they depend strongly on environmental factors and on the actual activity of methanotrophs in situ. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.