TitleThe efficiency of three fry trawls for sampling the freshwater pelagic fry community
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsJuza, T, Kubecka, J
JournalFisheries Research
Volume85
Pagination285-290
Abstract

Avoidance reactions of young-of-the-year fish assemblages were investigated in the offshore zone of three reservoirs in the Czech Republic during late summer. Pikeperch (Stizostedion lucioperca) strongly dominated in the Lipno Reservoir in 2003, bream (Abramis brama) and bleak (Alburnus alburnus) were the most abundant species in the Slapy Reservoir in 2004 and roach (Rutilus rutilus) and bleak dominated in the Zelivka Reservoir in 2004 and 2005. Densities of fry ranged between 1.09 ind./100 m(3) in the Lipno Reservoir and 2.95 ind./100 m(3) in the Slapy Reservoir. In each reservoir, three trawl nets of different widths (dimensions .1.5 m x 3 m, 3 m x 3 m, 6 m x 3 m) were used in the pelagic area at night. For each trawl the estimated fish density was determined as the catch per 100 m(3) of water and was compared between all three trawls. The fish length-frequency distribution was also compared between all the trawls. Day catches were much lower compared with those taken at night. Adult fish showed very clear avoidance of fry trawls. At night, no important differences in estimated fry density, obtained by these trawls, were observed in any locality for any fish species, nor in the length distribution of important species between trawls. According to these results, the avoidance reactions of fry in the late summer (August, September), at night, are unimportant. At this time of year, nighttime pelagic trawling appears to be an effective method for quantitative fry sampling. We recommend the 3 m x 3 m trawl for quantitative night sampling of the fry community as a good compromise between assured efficiency and relatively easy handling. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.