TitleOntogenetic changes in the bathypelagic distribution of European perch fry Perea fluviatilis monitored by hydroacoustic methods
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsCech, M, Kubecka, J
JournalBiologia
Volume61
Pagination211-219
Abstract

The behaviour of bathypelagic perch fry (BPF) was monitored during 21 May, 241 June, 8 August and 5 September 1996 along the longitudinal profile of Rimov, reservoir (Czech Republic), rising acoustic methods (SIMRAD EY 500 echosounder, elliptical split-beam transducer, Sonar5 postprocessing software). In May, the BPF layer comprised a mass of solitary perch lavae at an abundance of over 31,000 ind. ha(-1). In contrast, in June, the BPF layer consisted almost, exclusively of shoaling individuals. The abundance of BPF increased up to 166,000 ind. ha(-1). Similarly, in August, fish in shoals prevailed in the BPF layer but the abundance dropped to less than 3,000 ind. ha(-1). In September, the BPF layer consisted of both individuals and small groups of fish. At this time the abundance of BPF slightly increased to almost 5,000 ind. ha(-1). Individual parameters describing the BPF layer, depth of the main layer, abundance of BPF in the main layer and thickness of the whole layer, differed significantly among months. The negligible abundance of potential predators below the thermocline, both in June and in August (exclusively adult perch), suggests that the BPF shoals were more likely to be created as a result of it social need rather than as a defense against predators. During similar surveys carried out prior to (25 April, 5 May, 7 May, 12 May, 15 May) and after this period (3 October, 7 November, 2 December), the BPP layer was not recorded.